Shimla, formerly Simla, was the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India. It is now the capital city of Himachal Pradesh.
Nestled in the middle Himalayas in northern India, Shimla is a hill station destination much beloved by honeymooners and other tourists, particularly in summer.
This region has a hilly terrain and has an uneven cover of evergreen pine forests. The Shimla city spreads over the hill at an average altitude of 2000 meters (roughly 6500 feet) above mean sea level.
The Mall and the Ridge - The mall and the ridge form the heart of the Shimla city. Vehicular traffic is not allowed on these roads. The mall is frequented by youngsters and is usually the desitination for festivals and public celebrations. The famous Summer Festival (held in May or June every year), which lasts for 3-4 days, is also celebrated on the ridge. Many popular singers come here every year to perform.
Gaiety Theater - Gaiety Theater, on the Mall, was opened on 30th May, 1887, Queen Victoria's Jubilee Year. Notable film personalities frequently performed on the stage of the Gaiety theatre. Today, the Gaiety is primarily known for its social club.
Viceregal Lodge - Located on the Observatory Hills, Viceregal Lodge, also known as Rashtrapati Niwas, it was formerly the summer residence of the British Viceroys. The lodge is situated on a very beautiful location and is declared as a heritage building. The place is also used for shooting Bollywood movies. The famous movie Black starring Amitabh Bachhan had many sequences shot here.
Places of worship - Kali Bari (a temple of the Hindu goddess Kali) is near the Mall. Jakhoo Temple (a temple of the Hindu god Hanuman) is located at the highest point in Shimla (2600 m above mean sea level. Sankat Mochan (another Hanuman temple) is located on Shimla-Kalka Highway. Tara Devi Temple is about 10 km from Shimla, directly visible from the city. Another important religious place is Tara Devi mandir placed on a hill near the national highway. Approximately 5 km up road from shoghi , this place attracts huge number of pilgrims on navratra. This place gives a beautiful view of shimla
Kufri, Chail- Located on the national highway between Shimla and Rampur, Kufri, 19 km from Shimla, is the highest point in the surrounding region. Kufri has a Himalyan Wild Life Zoo which hosts rare antelopes, birds and rare feline species. Monal the state bird of Himachal Pradesh is worth watching. A meandring path turns into a popular Ski track in Winters here. A road bifurcation from here leads to Chail which is about 20 km from here. Chail is famous for the Palace built by Maharaja Ranjeet Singh (Raja of Patiala riyasat) and a hill top ground which is highest cricket ground in the world.
Naldehra - About 25 km from shimla, Naladehra is popular for a nine hole golf course, located on a gradual slope on scenic hill top surrounded by fir trees, and a picnic ground on hilltop. The down hill road from Naldehra leads to Tatta Pani which is approximately 22 km from here.
Tatta Pani - The name Tatta Pani, translates to "Hot - Water" in local dialect. This is about half a square kilometer area on the banks of Satluj river with boiling hot Sulpher water springs which is considered to be good for skin. This place is also famous for the rituals of Tula Daan, which is known to be very effective if done at tattapani on a specific day.
Market Places - The four main bazaars namely Lower Bazaar, Sabji Mandi, Ganj Mandi and Ram Bazaar are juxtaposed and cater to the day to day commodity requirements of the population. Lakkar Bazaar has shops which specialize in wood worked gifts and branded items. While Mall road is considered suitable for shopping branded things.
The National Highway NH-22 connects Shimla to the nearest large city of Chandigarh. Shimla is also well connected to the nearby towns of Mandi, Manali and Dharamshala by a network of state highways.
Railway - The heritage Kalka Shimla Railway narrow gauge railway line runs daily passenger trains between Kalka and Shimla. The train speed is slow but the scenic beauty and 103 big and small tunnels en route make the train trip memorable. Kalka is connected by a regular rail line to other major Indian cities.
Air - Jubbarhatti the nearest airport is 25 km from here. The airport is one of its kind and has been built by slicing away the top of a long hill. Regular flights run between New Delhi and Shimla from here.